Methamphetamines are synthetic stimulants that are produced and sold illegally in pill form, capsules, powder, and chunks.
A white, odorless, bitter tasting crystalline powder that can be easily dissolved in water or alcohol.
It can be mixed with water for injection or sprinkled on tobacco or marijuana and smoked. Since methamphetamine will vaporize rapidly, some heat the drug and inhale the fumes that are released.
Methamphetamines may be known as meth, crank, glass, speed, crystal, ice, batu, chalk, shabu, or zip.
"Ice" is a large crystal form of high-purity methamphetamine hydrochloride. Ice derives its name from its appearance: large, clear crystals that resemble chunks of ice, shards of broken glass, or rock candy.
Sometimes called the "poor man's cocaine", methamphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant of the amphetamine family. Methamphetamines stimulate the central nervous system, and the effects may last anywhere from 8 to 24 hours. Like cocaine, it is a powerful "upper" that produces alertness and elation, along with a variety of adverse reactions. After the effects of methamphetamine wears off, it can cause severe withdrawal that is more intense and longer lasting than both speed and cocaine. After the initial "rush," there is typically a state of high agitation that in some individuals can lead to violent behavior.
It was not until 1988 that ice became widespread in Hawaii. By 1990, ice spread to the U.S. mainland, although distribution remained limited to retail amounts in just a few regions of the country. In the early 1990s, Koreans served as the principal supply source for ice that was smuggled from Asia directly to Hawaii and the U.S. mainland. Intelligence data indicates that traffickers from Mexico are supplying Asian organizations/gangs on the West Coast and in Hawaii with methamphetamine for conversion to ice.
8-balls meth, $275-300/ounce
Methamphetamine is a Schedule II stimulant, which means it has a high potential for abuse and is available only through a prescription that cannot be refilled. There are a few accepted medical reasons for its use, such as the treatment of narcolepsy, attention deficit disorder, and for short-term use obesity; but these medical uses are limited.
Crank refers to any form of methamphetamine. Ice is a crystallized smokeable chunk form of methamphetamine that produces a more intense reaction than cocaine or speed. Ice has an appearance that is clear and crystal-like, and resembles frozen ice water. Crank and ice are extremely addictive and produce a severe craving for the drug.
"The main problem remains,
and will remain, the use of methamphetamine and other illicit drugs," said
Yellowstone County Attorney Dennis Paxinos. "And the worst part is when they get
hopped up on meth and commit violence."
Drug-related violence usually occurs
in one of three ways: by users under the influence of the drug, by users who commit
violent acts to obtain money or more of the drug, and by distributors who use violence in
the course of conducting their business.
There is also an increased risk of child abuse and neglect of children born to parents who use methamphetamines.
For more information and resources:
Click on MAC log for the Jefferson County Health Department's Web Site
If you suspect a
meth lab in your neighborhood, call the
Jefferson County Municipal Enforcement Group Drug Task Force